Chatty (Version: 0.8.5.1)

General usage Chat basics Chat moderation / utility Chat customization Stream features Settings / Files Miscellaneous Guides

Also check out the official YouTube Channel with guides and stuff.

Title and Tabs [back to menu]

When in a channel, Chatty shows some information about that channel in the titlebar, e.g.:
[40|59] - GTA:SA Speedruns (Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas)

The first number is the number of people in the chat, the second is the viewercount, followed by the current stream title and game. Anything other than the number of people in the chat is requested from the Twitch API about every two minutes.

In addition, the titlebar will also show additional information, if enabled:

You can toggle showing some information under View - Options - Titlebar.

Note that the stream status (title/game, offline) can take a few minutes to update, since it has to be requested from the Twitch API (which is also heavily cached).

Shortcuts [back to menu]

You can customize most of these shortcuts in the settings, and also add shortcuts for some functions not listed here.

Default shortcuts which can't be changed:

The following are more default shortcuts, however these can be changed in the settings:

Commands [back to menu]

All command names are case-insensitive. Something like <parameter> represents a required parameter which must be entered for the command to work properly (you don't enter the surrounding < >, they are just there to show it's a parameter). Equivalently [parameter] represents an optional parameter.

You can also create your own Custom Commands & Customized Context Menus.

Tip: You can also use TAB Completion for many commands.

Chat commands:

Tip: You can circumvent Chatty commands and send Twitch Chat commands directly by prepending them with a dot . instead of a slash, for example: .mods.

Settings/Customization commands:

GUI commands:

Housekeeping/System commands:

Test commands:

Advanced commands (be careful with these):

Twitch Login [back to menu]

The login data consists of a username (or account name) and most importantly an access token, which is sort of a revokable password that can also have different types of access associated with it, the ones usable for Chatty being:

Chat access
Required to connect to chat (required for Chatty).
Read user info
Required to request the streams you follow, so you can get notified when they start streaming.
Editor access
Allows you to change the title/game of your stream and streams you are an editor in via the Admin Dialog.
Run commercials
Allows you to run comercials on your stream via the Admin Dialog (if you are partnered).
Show subscribers
Required to view the list of your subscribers via the Subscribers Dialog (if you have a sub button).
Follow channels
Gives you access to use the context menu (right-click) entries Miscellaneous - Follow/Unfollow Channel and use the /follow and /unfollow commands.

Once requested from Twitch, the login data is stored locally on your computer along with the other settings of Chatty. Since Twitch gives out the access token per application, any access token for the same account requested with Chatty will be invalidated when you request a new access token. This doesn't seem to be the case anymore.

If getting login data fails, read this guide. If your login was determined invalid, read down below.

Allow more access

To allow Chatty more access than it already has (e.g. if you haven't selected editor access before, but you want it now), you need to request a new access token. Just go to <Main - Login..>, delete the login and request it again with the necessary access.

Allow less access

To allow Chatty less access than it already has (e.g. you don't want it to have editor access anymore) you need to first revoke access completely in your Twitch Account Settings, then authorize access again. What will not work is just requesting a new token without selecting the now unwanted access. Twitch will always respond with a token that has at least as much access as the previous one.

Security

The access token is saved in the login file in the settings directory and can thus be accessed by anyone having access to your computer. It allows anyone who obtains it to chat in your name and access the other things listed above (if you allowed it when getting the token). If you think the token may have been compromised, please immediately go to your Twitch Settings subsection Connections and revoke the accesss there. You can then request a new one for which Twitch will ask you to authorize Chatty again.

Invalid Login

If your login is determined invalid (either by checking it manually or when Chatty performed an automatic check), this can mean one of two things:

  1. Your login is actually still valid, Twitch is just derping:
  2. Your login is actually invalid:

What happens when your login is no longer valid:

User Status Symbols [back to menu]

There are a few special symbols that are used for users in chat. These are displayed in the userlist and - if usericons are disabled - also in chat:

~ The Broadcaster
@ Moderator
+ Turbo/Prime
% Subscriber
$ Donated Bits
^ Bot (as recognized by local setting, FFZ API and BTTV API)
* Global Moderator
! Admin
& Staff

When you copy&paste a message from chat that contains Badges, you may also encounter the following symbols:

' Addon Usericon
? Unknown Badge (for example special Twitch Badges that may only be available for some time or in some channels)

FrankerFaceZ provides a custom mod icon for some channels. You can disable this in the settings if you want to keep the default one for all channels.

Userlist [back to menu]

The userlist on the side of the channel shows all users currently considered to be in the channel.

In order to receive JOIN/PART messages, the setting Correct Userlist under Settings - Advanced - Connection has to be enabled.

Note: The userlist is not very reliable and should only be taken as a rough estimate of who is currently in the channel. This is because:

Also note that the userlist doesn't necessarily have to do with who watches your stream. A user can be logged into chat without watching the stream and vice versa. Overall, just don't take the userlist too seriously.

TAB Completion [back to menu]

When you type in the inputbox, you can TAB-complete different types of things:

How it works

There are a couple of settings that change the behaviour of the TAB Completion.

How the TAB Completion process works:

  1. Enter the beginning of an item (name, setting, emote).
  2. Press TAB or Shift-TAB (see above) to enter the completion mode, which will:
  3. You can then either:

The found matches are all ordered alphabetically, except for nickcompletion for which you can choose different types of sorting. By default nicknames use predictive sorting, which means users who recently wrote a message or highlighted you have a higher priority, increasing the chance that the users you want to address appear as the first few matches.

Example: Nick Completion

Example: Emote Completion

Input History [back to menu]

Chatty provdes an input history for the chat input box that allows you to call up lines you entered previously, to make it easier to e.g. repeat commands with similiar parameters, repeat messages you send to chat or just look up what you wrote before. You can even save messages to the history that you haven't send yet to be able to send them later.

Joining more than one channel [back to menu]

This does not apply anymore since Twitch changed their system to use IRCv3 capabilities. Joining several channels does not have any drawbacks.

Favorites / History [back to menu]

If enabled, the history automatically saves channels you join and when you last joined them. By default channels expire from the history after 30 days of not joining them (can be changed).

You can also add channels from the history or any you enter manually to the favorites, which will always be kept until you remove them yourself.

Highlight [back to menu]

The highlight system allows you to add words or phrases that make chat messages appear in another color and appear in a seperate window, which you can open under View - Highlights (you can clear the highlights window in it's context menu).

More information: Highlight Settings

Ignore [back to menu]

The ignore system works very similiar to the highlight system, just that it hides messages instead of highlighting them. They however also get added to a seperated window, which you can open under View - Ignored (you can clear the messagess in the window in it's context menu).

Right-click on a user in chat to open the User Context Menu, where you can ignore or unignore that user from the Miscellaneous submenu. You can view and edit the list of ignored users in the settings.

More information: Ignore Settings

User Colors [back to menu]

The color of a user is displayed in the User Info Dialog. Color Names are used where possible, HTML Color Codes are displayed in the Tooltip. Colors with asterisk (*) are default colors (the user hasn't set one or hasn't said anything during this session yet). A color in parentheses means it's the original color, while the other color is the corrected one that is actually displayed.

Corrected Colors

Chatty attempts to make colors more readable automatically by changing them to increase contrast. This doesn't work very well though, although it should work for extreme cases like white on white or black on black.

Custom Colors

You can also specify custom colors for certain users or types of users in the settings. Custom colors are indicated by two asterisks (**) in the User Info Dialog.

More information: Usercolor Settings

Emoticons/Emote Dialog [back to menu]

Chatty supports the following types of emoticons:

You can enable/disable Emoticons in general (displaying the images instead of the text) in the settings under Emoticons. You can also ignore specific emotes in the same place in the settings.

In chat you can right-click on an emoticon to show some info about it. Click on the emote code (e.g. FrankerZ) in the context menu to insert the emote in the inputbox. If it is a subscriber emote, you also have some more options.

Emote Dialog

Use Extra - Emoticons or press Ctrl-E to open the Emote Dialog, which has various pages:

Click on an emote to insert it into the current channel inputbox. Double-click on an emote to also close the Emote Dialog in the process, or press ESC or Ctrl-E to close it. Right-click on an emote to show a context menu with some more information/options.

Right-click on an emote and choose Show Details to open the Detail View in the Emote Dialog, which shows the emote in different sizes and some information about it. Clicking on an emote in chat also opens the Detail View.

Note that you need to have joined at least one channel for your subemotes/turbo emotes to show up, because only then does Twitch Chat send that information to the client.

Custom Emotes (local) [back to menu]

You can add your own local emotes by creating a file called emotes.txt in the settings directory (enter /dir in Chatty to find the settings directory, /openDir to directly open it). The file can have one emote on each line, for example:

D:      aww.png     size:18x18
re:Gr[e|a]yface Kappa.png
# Switching Kappa and MiniK
Kappa   http://static-cdn.jtvnw.net/emoticons/v1/3287/1.0
MiniK   http://static-cdn.jtvnw.net/emoticons/v1/25/1.0     set:793 id:3287

This can be used to replace existing emotes, since custom emotes are checked first and thus take precedence. This is not intended to replace FFZ or BTTV emotes, just to help configure emotes to your personal preference. For example you could also add an image for you own name to have it highlighted in chat in a different way.

Syntax

The syntax per line is (you can use as many spaces or TABs as seperators as you want):

[settings] <code> [settings] <image> [settings]

Settings can be in any of the shown places, but are always optional. Available settings are:

Required:

Lines starting with # are ignored and can be used for comments.

The emotes.txt file is loaded when you start Chatty, so if you edit the file while Chatty is running, you have to use the /reloadCustomEmotes command for it to take effect. Emote images may be cached, so if you change the image, you MAY have to clear the cache (/clearemotecache CUSTOM).

Addressbook [back to menu]

This has been moved to it's own page

User/Line Selection Mode [back to menu]

With this feature, you can select a user in chat with keyboard shortcuts (if the window is active). So you can e.g. timeout a user with your keyboard alone.

Press Ctrl-Space (can be changed in the settings) to enter this mode. If there are any user messages in chat, then the newest message will get another background color which shows that it is selected. In that mode, the focus is on the textpane, which enables more shortcuts:

When you move up and down, it actually switches to the next user instead of to the next line. So if the same user send 10 messages in a row, it will jump to the first message of the next user above it.

In addition to the currently selected message, it will also highlight all other messages by the same user. You can also hold AltGr and click on a username in chat to highlight all that users messages (and enter User Selection Mode).

You can also click and hold in an empty area of the textpane, which puts and holds the focus there, so you can just use the shortcuts in the list above to enter the User Selection Mode and switch between messages. However if you let go of the mouse key, it will immediately leave the mode again.

Using Global Hotkeys

You can also configure global hotkeys with some User Selection actions. However, if the focus is not on the chat, then the usual shortcuts won't work, so you'll have to define additional global hotkeys to e.g. timeout the currently selected user. See the hotkey settings for what actions are available.

Stream Chat [back to menu]

Stream Chat is a seperate dialog, opened via the /openStreamChat command or the Extra menu, that can have chat messages from one or several channels redirected to it (only regular chat messages, so no JOINS/PARTS, info messages and so on). It also can have a message timeout set, so messages will disappear after a certain amount of seconds.

The idea is to capture Stream Chat to display chat on stream and messages will only be displayed if the chat has been recently active. So this doesn't really make a lot of sense for busier channels, unless you simply prefer to only have regular messages or to have a seperate dialog for the capture.

Getting started

You need to add the channel which messages are redirected to the Stream Chat dialog before anything will appear. The setting you are required to change is streamChatChannels, which is a list setting giving you different ways of editing it:

Check out other settings that are also edited with setting commands.

In addition, make sure you have Settings - Window - Restore dialogs set to at least Restore dialogs from last session in order to keep the position/size of the Stream Chat dialog between sessions.

Commands

Custom Names [back to menu]

You can give people in chat custom names that will appear in chat and in the userlist instead of the regular Twitch username and in the User Info Dialog in addition to the regular Twitch username. In other places (like the User Context Menu) the regular Twitch username is used.

TAB Completion also allows you to complete Custom Names and by default also includes the original name in the results.

The following commands are used to set custom names:

In addition to these commands, you can also view and change Custom Names via the Settings GUI under Names. You can also right-click on a user in chat to open the User Context Menu and choose Miscellaneous - Set name to open the Settings with the name preset.

Pause Chat / One-click moderation [back to menu]

If enabled in the settings under Main - Settings - Chat you can stop the chat from scrolling down while you move the mouse over chat. This can prevent misclicks when the chat is moving. The chat will resume scrolling down as soon as you stop moving the mouse or move it out of the chat area. When the chat is already paused, you can also hold Ctrl to keep the chat paused even without moving the mouse.

Optionally, you can set it to require Ctrl being pressed in conjunction with moving the mouse to initiate pausing. You can let go of Ctrl as soon as pausing is started and it will stay paused as long as you move the mouse inside the chat area.

A little popup in the top-right will indicate that the chat is paused.

Please note: This only works when the chat area is already filled, so the scrollbar is actually used. In addition, there may be instances where something you want to click will move anyway, for example if a message is deleted due to a timeout/ban, causing other messages to move.

Scroll up to stop scrolling

Another way of preventing scrolling down is scrolling up. Once you are manually scrolled up, chat will stop scrolling down automatically. However messages may still be removed from the buffer causing the chat to move despite it not actively scrolling down. It will stop removing messages to get moving to a minimum as long as you keep holding Ctrl.

A certain time after not moving the scroll position, it will scroll down automatically (unless Ctrl is still being pressed).

One-click moderation

Holding Ctrl and clicking on a user in chat can execute a ban or timeout on that user. Enable this feature and define what it does in the settings (Main - Settings - Chat).

It is recommended to enable the pause chat feature if you are using this, or else misclicks could be very common.

AutoMod [back to menu]

AutoMod is a Twitch feature that filters messages before they are send to the chat clients. As mod in the channel you can review and either approve or deny those filtered messages. In Chatty this can be done via Extra - AutoMod.

In the dialog you will see filtered messages of the current channel (if you are mod). Open the context menu on a message (usually right-click) to approve or deny that message. Double-click on a message to open the User Info Dialog for that user to be able to see his previous messages or ban/timeout the user.

Shortcuts available when you have a message selected:

Messages can have different prefixes depending on their status:

Messages that have already been handled or that are older than 5 minutes (and can thus probably not be approved/denied anymore) are shown greyed out.

Channel Info / History [back to menu]

The Channel Info Dialog shows the current stream status of the active stream. The data is requested from the Twitch API in a semi-regular interval, so it can take some time to update.

Online Time

If the stream is online, the Online: 1h 30m shows how long ago the stream was started. That time comes directly from the Twitch API, so it is able to show the correct online time, even if you started Chatty after the stream started.

If there is a time in parentheses (like 1h 30m (2h)), then that time denotes how long the stream was online, but including small offline periods (PICNICs) of at most 10 minutes, which means that this time is more of a guess of what might be expected as stream online time and also depends on when Chatty got the data (if you join the channel after a PICNIC, then it won't include the time before, because it never received the data for it).

History Graph

The History is a graph that shows the development of the viewers of the currently active channel and also indicates stream status changes (online/offline/title/game) by different colors.

Hover over points to display the stream status and viewercount at that time. Right-click for a context-menu.

There are two ways to change which time range is being displayed:

  • Time Range means only the last x hours are being displayed. For example if the whole data spans 10 hours you can choose to only display the last 2 hours. This will display the maximum range after the actual range (even if the actual range isn't as long as the maximum range):
    15:32 - 19:14 (2h)
    You can change this via the context menu.
  • Fixed Start/End means that either the beginning of the displayed data is fixed or both the beginning and end of the data are fixed, meaning that the displayed graph will never change. The times that show the actual range indicate whether they are fixed:
    |15:58| - 19:14 or |15:58| - |18:20|
    Double-click on a point to set it as a fixed start, then double-click on another point to set it as a fixed end. Double-click anywhere else to clear fixed start/end. This setting is channel-specific and isn't saved when you close Chatty.
History Demonstration

The History is recorded while you have the channel open in Chatty as well as for all followed channels, if you have that feature enabled.

The shown data usually fits to the available vertical space (so if the min/max viewercounts were 341/403 then only this range is shown). If you choose Toggle Vertical in the context-menu, you can switch between the shown range (min/max) and the full range (0-max).

Live Streams / Notifications [back to menu]

Chatty can show Notifications when the status of a stream changes. There is also a Live Streams window (Channels - Live Channels) that shows the currently live streams. Both these features always include channels you have joined and - if enabled - channels you have followed. Streams that are no longer online, or whose channels you have left and you don't follow, are added to a list that you can open in the Live Streams window context menu (Removed streams..).

Notifications

Chatty Notifications are little info boxes that can be shown for stream status changes and highlighted messages. When you left-click on a notification it is closed immediately, right-clicking closes it as well and in addition also joins the associated channel.

More information: Notification Settings

Followed Streams

Chatty can request a list of streams you follow on a regular basis, so you have both an overview of currently live streams as well as be informed about status changes (offline -> online, title change, game change). This is always available for streams whose channels you have joined in chat, but with this feature enabled, this works for all streams you follow even without joining their channel.

This feature requires Read user info access, so Chatty can request your followed streams. Read the section about login to learn more about login data and access.

You can enable/disable this feature in the Settings under Notifications.

Admin Dialog [back to menu]

This has been moved to it's own page

Followers/Subscribers List [back to menu]

You can open a list of the Followers of a channel by joining that channel and then opening the Followers Dialog via Extra - Followers. It always opens on the currently active channel, or if you are in no channel at all, your own channel.

You can open a list of your Subscribers by opening the Subscribers Dialog via Extra - Subscribers. It always opens on your own channel, because you can only display the Subscribers of your own channel. If you don't have any Subscribers, it will simply show an empty list (and an error). You also need to have selected the necessary access when requesting login data.

You can save the current list to a file by right-clicking on the dialog (not the list) and selecting the format.

Usage

Both the Followers and Subscribers Dialog otherwise work in pretty much the same way. Data is only requested as long as you have the dialog open. It is requested in a semi-regular interval and then displays that data in the list (and some stats).

If followers/following is mentioned below, then the same applies for subscribers/subscribing in the appropriate dialog.

At the top it shows some stats:

  • Total: The total number of followers (not to be confused with the followers shown in the list, which are the most recent 100). After the total number, it shows the change compared to the last update, e.g. Total: 3.190 (+2), which will stay there until the next update.
  • Week/Day/Hour: These are some stats based on the current list shown below. It shows how many followers there are in the list that followed in the last 7 days (Week), 24 hours (Day) and 60 minutes (Hour). (So Day does NOT mean Today as in since 0:00.)

    If it says 99+ it means that there are more than 99 followers in that timespan, but Chatty can't determine whether it's 100 or more than 100, because the list only contains the 100 most recent followers.

There are different background colors for some entries:

  • New entries (meaning entries that appeared first in the last update)
  • Entries of the last 15 minutes
  • Entries of the last hour

The time has different colors for older entries:

  • Entries older than a day
  • Entries older than a week

At the bottom, it shows approximately how long ago data was last received, or a short error message if an error occured.

Followers Dialog

About New Followers/Refollows

Everything that determines whether a follower is new or a refollow is saved per session. So if you restart Chatty, it assumes that all followers except from the first request are new. So if you start Chatty, open the Followers Dialog on your channel, it will load the followers for the first time and show none of them as new. Now if it updates a minute later, and there are users it hasn't seen as having followed before, then it assumes these users as new followers.

Now a user of course might have been a follower for a year, then unfollow and follow again. Chances are that Chatty won't notice that and assume a new follower. What it however does is that it only shows each user as new follower once per session. So if someone follows and Chatty shows that user as a new follower, then that user unfollows and follows again, Chatty will notice that the first and the second follow time are different, and will show this user as a refollow (the name slightly grey).

So this basicially just prevents the same user from e.g. making a sound go off (if you have that enabled) several times just by refollowing several times. At most that will happen once per session. Other than that the data is mostly shown just as it comes in from Twitch. It will still show refollows on the top of the list.

Stream Highlights [back to menu]

Chatty can help you with creating Highlights of your stream by recording the stream time (how long the stream has been online) using a command or hotkey. When you add a Stream Highlight in Chatty, it is written to a file which you can then view later.

The following commands are available:

You can also add a hotkey to add stream highlights, so you can also do it yourself while streaming out of a game (given that global hotkeys work in the game).

The highlights are written to the file stream_highlights.txt in the exported subfolder of the settings directory (which you can open with the /openDir and show with the /dir command).

Allow your moderators to add highlights

You can also let your moderators add stream highlights (!highlight [comment]), but you first have to set the channel with a setting command:

/set streamHighlightChannel #<yourchannelname>
Allows moderators in the given channel to run the command.
For example if your channel/stream is called zoton2 the command you have to enter would be: /set streamHighlightChannel #zoton2

Optionally you can also set the following settings:

/set streamHighlightChannelRespond 1
Send a response to chat when the mod command is used (otherwise the message is just shown locally).
/set streamHighlightCommand !highlight
Change the mod command (in this example to !highlight, which is the default)

Tip: Setting commands are entered into the chat input box, just like Twitch Chat commands.

Ignore joins/parts [back to menu]

Both the ignore joins/parts and Twitch Client Version 3 option have been removed. You can now disable the Correct Userlist setting to not get any joins/parts if you think it could improve performance.

Run custom processes [back to menu]

Using the /proc command you can start processes directly out of Chatty. An example of where this is already integrated into Chatty is starting Livestreamer, however this is a more basic implementation. This is probably only interesting for advanced users.

Example: /proc exec notepad H:\hl.txt will start Notepad and open the given file.

Note: Commands and output of the process is logged in the Debug Log which is written to file and output to Extra - Debug window.

Launch options [back to menu]

There are a few options you can launch Chatty with, that will override settings loaded from the settings file. You need to run Chatty from the commandline or Create a shortcut to use these.

These need to be defined after the Chatty.jar, for example: javaw -jar Chatty.jar -channel lotsofs

-server <host/ip>
Specify a different server to connect to
-port <port>
Specify a different port to use for connecting
-user <username>
Your username
-password [password]
Login with password instead of access token, optionally also the actual password to use. Twitch doesn't allow password login anymore.
-token [token]
Login with the given token.
The username currently saved in Chatty must match the account associated with the given token. If no login data is currently saved in Chatty or the username is different, you have to use -user to set the correct username.
-connect
Connect immediately when starting Chatty
-channel <channel>
The channel to join (you can specify more than one channel by separating them with a comma)
-ds
Don't save settings on exit (settings are everything that is saved between sessions like login data, always on top, ..)
-cd
Use current working directory (usually the directory you start Chatty from) for saving/loading settings and other files. This can be useful to make Chatty more portable or use several different setting files on the same computer. More information..
-set:<settingName> <setting value>
Change any setting that can be edited via the /set command (see Setting Commands).
-single [port]
Run in single instance mode, which means if you start Chatty while it's already running the parameters are forwarded to the already running instance instead of starting another one. You have to specify the -single parameter with the same port (or no port to use the default one) for all instances that you want to have run in the same single instance mode.
The port is listened to locally to check if any instance is already running and to forward the commandline parameters. If you don't supply a port a default one is used. If the used port is already taken by another program you have to specify one that works or else no instance of Chatty will be able to start.
Currently only the -channel parameter is used when forwarded to an already running instance (joining the channel).

Setting commands [back to menu]

This has been moved to it's own page

Setting files [back to menu]

Settings are loaded from files when Chatty is started and saved into files once it is closed. By default these files are saved in a subfolder .chatty of your user directory. You can also use the -cd commandline parameter to use the current working directory instead. You can find out which folder is used by entering the /dir command.

Since Version 0.4 of Chatty, the settings are no longer saved in a single settings-file, but instead several files:

More information: Chatty directories and files

Contact [back to menu]

If you are referring to a specific version of Chatty, please provide the actual version number, which you can find on the top of the main help page in Chatty (this one if you are reading this in Chatty, otherwise go to Chatty and open Help - About/Help or press F1).

Miscellaneous/Thanks [back to menu]

Some of the resources that were helpful in the development of this program:

About/License [back to menu]

Chatty is using a few libraries/resources made freely available by others:

This application (except for the parts mentioned in the previous paragraph) is released under the MIT License.


Copyright (c) 2014 tduva

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
THE SOFTWARE.